Optometrist vs Ophthalmologist As Eye Care Professionals

What Is The Role Of An Optometrist in Eye care?

Optometrists is the primary healthcare professional when a person need a routine eye exam with a Doctor of Optometry degree. An optometrist is a Doctor that holds the Degree of Doctor of Optometry and is not a doctor of medicine. He or she finished a four-year college education before enrolling in an optometry school. An optometrist is a doctor of optometry who is trained and accredited to provide complete eye care. They can do eye examinations and vision testing, provide prescriptions for eyeglass lenses, diagnose and treat specific eye illnesses, and prescribe medication.

What is the role of an Ophthalmologist in Eye Care?

An Ophthalmologist is a doctor of Medicine or Doctor of Osteopathy that specializes in the medical and surgical treatment of the eyes. The biggest difference between an ophthalmologist and an optometrist is their level of education and the surgical services they can provide. After completing college, an ophthalmologist goes on to finish an additional 8 years of medical study. He or she may have gone on to study for an additional few years to become a specialist in a certain area of eye care, including the retina, cornea, glaucoma, or another. Ophthalmologists are trained to perform routine vision examinations, diagnose and treat common eye diseases, prescribe corrective glasses and lenses, and fit specialist lenses. They have the necessary qualifications to perform delicate eye procedures.  Many specialized ophthalmologists are active in eye illness scientific research and are attempting to find a solution for debilitating eye disorders that can result in permanent vision loss.


Regular eye exams can be given by both optometrists and Ophthalmologist.

These eye examinations  are necessary to detect any underlying problems and maintain optimal eye health. It is critical to see an eye doctor, especially if you really are over 40 years old. That’s because most eye disorders begin to manifest around this age, and early detection of eye infections is critical for treating, preventing, or reducing the progression of the infection before it causes irreversible damage.

What type of eye doctor should you see for eye care?

For the most part, Optometrists should be thought of as the primary eye care provider for most eye problems.  They are the Doctors that will give you your regular routine eye exams.  Ophthalmologists are equally well trained to provide routine eye exams, but the vast majority of Ophthalmologists limit their practices to the medical and surgical treatment of the eyes.  If you notice any changes in your vision, including a sudden change of blurry vision, floaters or other abnormalities, no matter how little, then please call an eye doctor immediately. Any neglect of eye health can result in permanent vision loss.

Click for a more in depth look into Eye doctors – Optometrists and Ophthalmologists from the University of Medicine and Health Sciences



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